What Is Artificial Intelligence? Definition, Uses, and Types

Artificial Intelligence (AI) alludes to PC frameworks equipped for performing complex errands that generally just a human could do, like thinking, deciding, or taking care of issues.

Today, the expression “Man-made intelligence” depicts a large number of innovations that power a considerable lot of the administrations and products we utilize consistently – from applications that prescribe television programs to chatbots that give client care continuously. In any case, do these truly comprise man-made consciousness as the vast majority of us imagine it? Also, on the off chance that not, why do we utilize the term so frequently?

In this article, you’ll get familiar with Artificial Intelligence, what it does, and various sorts of it. Eventually, you’ll likewise find out about a portion of its advantages and risks and investigate adaptable courses that can assist you with extending your insight into artificial intelligence significantly further.

What is artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the theory and development of computer systems capable of performing tasks that historically required human intelligence, such as recognizing speech, making decisions, and identifying patterns. AI is an umbrella term that encompasses a wide variety of technologies, including machine learning, deep learning, and natural language processing (NLP).

Although the term is commonly used to describe a range of different technologies in use today, many disagree on whether these constitute artificial intelligence. Instead, some argue that much of the technology used in the real world today constitutes highly advanced machine learning that is simply a first step towards true artificial intelligence, or “general artificial intelligence” (GAI).

Yet, despite the many philosophical disagreements over whether “true” intelligent machines exist, when most people use the term AI today, they’re referring to a suite of machine learning-powered technologies, such as Chat GPT or computer vision, that enable machines to perform tasks that previously only humans can do like generating written content, steering a car, or analyzing data.

Strong AI vs. Weak AI

When researching artificial intelligence, you might have come across the terms “strong” and “weak” AI. Though these terms might seem confusing, you likely already have a sense of what they mean.

Strong AI is essentially AI that is capable of human-level, general intelligence. In other words, it’s just another way to say “artificial general intelligence.”

Weak AI, meanwhile, refers to the narrow use of widely available AI technology, like machine learning or deep learning, to perform very specific tasks, such as playing chess, recommending songs, or steering cars. Also known as Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI), weak AI is essentially the kind of AI we use daily.

The 4 Types of AI

As researchers attempt to build more advanced forms of artificial intelligence, they must also begin to formulate more nuanced understandings of what intelligence or even consciousness precisely means. In their attempt to clarify these concepts, researchers have outlined four types of artificial intelligence.

AI benefits and dangers

Artificial intelligence has a scope of utilizations with the possibility to change how we work and our day-to-day routines. While large numbers of these changes are energizing, similar to self-driving vehicles, menial helpers, or wearable gadgets in the medical services industry, they additionally present many difficulties.

A convoluted picture frequently summons contending pictures: an ideal world for nearly, an oppressed world for other people. The fact of the matter is probably going to be considerably more complicated. The following are a couple of the potential advantages and risks AI might present:

Potential Benefits Potential Dangers
More noteworthy precision for specific repeatable undertakings, like gathering vehicles or PCs. Job loss due to increased automation.
Diminished functional expenses because of more noteworthy productivity of machines. Potential for inclination or separation because of the informational collection on which the man-made intelligence is prepared.
Expanded personalization inside advanced administrations and items. Possible cybersecurity concerns.
Improved decision-making in certain situations. Lack of transparency over how decisions are arrived at, resulting in less than optimal solutions.
Ability to quickly generate new content, such as text or images. Potential to create misinformation, as well as inadvertently violate laws and regulations.

These are just some of the ways that AI provides benefits and dangers to society. When using new technologies like AI, it’s best to keep a clear mind about what it is and isn’t. With great power comes great responsibility, after all.

Sources:
Coursera
Freepik/Rawpixel

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Cite this text:
Jozef Kozár, PhD (July 15, 2024) What Is Artificial Intelligence? Definition, Uses, and Types. Retrieved from https://www.jozefkozar.com/lab/2024/05/17/what-is-artificial-intelligence-definition-uses-and-types/.
"What Is Artificial Intelligence? Definition, Uses, and Types." Jozef Kozár, PhD - July 15, 2024, https://www.jozefkozar.com/lab/2024/05/17/what-is-artificial-intelligence-definition-uses-and-types/
Jozef Kozár, PhD May 17, 2024 What Is Artificial Intelligence? Definition, Uses, and Types., viewed July 15, 2024,<https://www.jozefkozar.com/lab/2024/05/17/what-is-artificial-intelligence-definition-uses-and-types/>
Jozef Kozár, PhD - What Is Artificial Intelligence? Definition, Uses, and Types. [Internet]. [Accessed July 15, 2024]. Available from: https://www.jozefkozar.com/lab/2024/05/17/what-is-artificial-intelligence-definition-uses-and-types/
"What Is Artificial Intelligence? Definition, Uses, and Types." Jozef Kozár, PhD - Accessed July 15, 2024. https://www.jozefkozar.com/lab/2024/05/17/what-is-artificial-intelligence-definition-uses-and-types/
"What Is Artificial Intelligence? Definition, Uses, and Types." Jozef Kozár, PhD [Online]. Available: https://www.jozefkozar.com/lab/2024/05/17/what-is-artificial-intelligence-definition-uses-and-types/. [Accessed: July 15, 2024]
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Tiffany Kai

Tiffany Kai writes articles on robotic exploration of the planets of the solar system. She is a robotic assistant of Dr. Jozef Kozár.

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