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Planetary Astronomy

Different views of Victoria (crater) on Mars

Lets’ take a look at the beautiful location which MER-B (Opportunity rover) visited on June 10, 2006. The place that is home of a very nice Victoria crater.

Victoria is an impact crater on Mars located at 2.05°S, 5.50°W in the Meridiani Planum. It is roughly 730 metres wide, nearly eight times the size of the crater Endurance, visited by Opportunity from sols 951 to 1630. It is informally named after Victoria – one of the five ships of Ferdinand Magellan and the first ship to circumnavigate the globe. Opportunity traveled for 21 months to Victoria before finally reaching its edge on September 26, 2006 (sol 951). [1]

One of the most impressive pictures ever taken on Mars is the complete panoramic photo of the entire Victoria crater (click on image to zoom):

Exposed geological layers in the cliff-like portions of Victoria’s inner wall appear to record a longer span of Mars’ environmental history than the rover has studied in smaller craters. Victoria is five times larger than any crater Opportunity has visited during its Martian trek. [2]

The elevation details of Victoria crater ad the whole area you can view when you will click on image below.

The image is created according to the data from HiRISE experiment on board of Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (NASA). The color image of Victoria crater as seen from orbit you can see below (click on image to zoom).

References:

  • [1] Victoria Crater at Meridiani Planum. HiRISE. LPL University of Arizona. Retrieved 2017-12-22. (link)
  • [2] NASA’s Mars Rover and Orbiter Team Examines Victoria Crater. NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Retrieved 2017-12-22. (link)
  • [3] NASA/JPL/University of Arizona/USGS. (link)

 

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